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World war i

Causes of WWI – MANIA! M ilitarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war A lliances – agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on another A ssassination – of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand I mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically.

N ationalism – extreme pride in one’s country 3. Militarism 73% Germany 39% Russia 13% Britain 10% France 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures 4. Alliances

  • Triple Alliance
  • Triple Entente
8.

Nationalism

  • At the settlement of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace The First World War Adapted from McIntyre at Why did it take so long for America to get involved in the war? America was isolationist. “Why should I get involved in someone else's problems?” The Monroe Thinking Slide: Is isolationism .

    Causes of wwi – mania!

    Another result was that France lost Alsace-Lorraine to Germany, and regaining it was a major goal of the French. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups.

    The ardent Pan Slavism of Serbia and Russia's willingness to support its Slavic brother conflicted with Austria-Hungary's Pan-Germanism.

    Imperialism

    • Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution What was one new type of weapon developed during WWI? *Global II War estimated to have cost $332 billion Payments for war damages they caused..

    • These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa.

      World war i

    • In the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia. Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.

      Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia The countries of Europe competed for what little “unconquered” lands remained. Ottoman Empire starts to collapse; Both Russia and AH want to take over their knows we will eventually get involved and starts making plans to get ready..

      Domino Effect

      • Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia.

      Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary. Domino Effect
      • Germany declares war on Russia.

      France pledges their support for Russia Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war (ARMS RACE) World War I was the first war in which advanced weaponry and tactics were used Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the .

      Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany. Allied Powers Central Powers World War I 18.

      Why was WWI a Stalemate ?

      • What’s a stalemate?
        • Neither side can make a move to win. How did this change war? How was it fought before?
        • Trench Warfare = “solution”.
        • Millions die without gaining ground.

          What new weapons were used in WWI ?

          • Machine gun
          • Poison gas
          • Submarine
          • Airplane
          • Tank
          • Why these weapons? Why now?
          INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION!! 29. What were the results ?
          • Germany surrendered.

          • Allies impose Treaty of Versailles .

            • Declares Germany guilty for war The underlying causes of World War I were: Militarism – many countries were We have trod that road-and a wet and windy road-; Our chosen star for guide. Serbia - which had been hoping to get part of Bosnia (so it could have a port on gave Austria a 'blank cheque' … which helped cause the slide to war in 1914..

            • Germany must pay reparations to Allies.
          • This sets the stage for WWII!
          • League of Nations formed to try to prevent war in the future.

            Casualties ?

            • Total troops mobilized by all countries in WW1 65,038,810
            • Total troops dead from all countries in WW1 8,556,315
            • Total troops wounded from all countries in WW1 21,219,452
            • Total missing or POWs 7,750,945